Blood and Ice, By Robert Masello | The IndependentIron-rich hypersaline water sporadically emerges from small fissures in the ice cascades. The reddish deposit was found in by the Australian geologist Griffith Taylor , who first explored the valley that bears his name. Poorly soluble hydrous ferric oxides are deposited at the surface of ice after the ferrous ions present in the unfrozen saltwater are oxidized in contact with atmospheric oxygen. Unlike most Antarctic glaciers, the Taylor glacier is not frozen to the bedrock , probably because of the presence of salts concentrated by the crystallization of the ancient seawater imprisoned below it. Salt cryo-concentration occurred in the deep relict seawater when pure ice crystallised and expelled its dissolved salts as it cooled down because of the heat exchange of the captive liquid seawater with the enormous ice mass of the glacier.
Look Inside Reading Guide. Reading Guide. Oct 03, Minutes Buy. Oct 09, ISBN Oct 03, Minutes. In the summer of , the Army of the West marched through Santa Fe, en route to invade and occupy the Western territories claimed by Mexico. At the center of this sweeping tale is Kit Carson, the trapper, scout, and soldier whose adventures made him a legend.
S trict instructions are issued before interviewing George RR Martin: do not ask about The Winds of Winter , the sixth book in his A Song of Ice and Fire series, the one fans keep haranguing him about and Martin has been writing since Focus on Fire and Blood , his imagined history of the Targaryen dynasty, and all will be well. So I prepare for the interview with a certain amount of trepidation. Martin is probably one of the most famous novelists in the world. There are not many writers who find their every pronouncement picked over by the press, who have sold 90m copies of their books, who are instantly recognised in public. But I know he has a reputation for irascibility , and I also really, really want to ask him about The Winds of Winter. As it turns out, Martin brings up the book himself, and is warm and expansive on topics from fame and fortune to his progress on the long-awaited novel.
Martin published his last proper fantasy novel. Now this decade has almost passed with no release date for part 6. The new book circles back three centuries pre-Arya, story-spinning a macrohistorical generational saga about various dudes named Aegon and their various sisters they marry. And as Raymond Chandler used to almost say: When in doubt, a door can open and a dragon can walk in. Like any good fictional historian, Gyldayn hat-tips toward his fictional research material. He quotes primary-source legal documents written by untrustworthy officials and memoirs full of probable lies.