Port - WikipediaThis paper, prepared in association with the International Maritime Organization IMO , is aimed at both World Bank staff involved in lending operations concerning port development as well as port authorities, port managers and engineering staff responsible The paper highlights typical environmental problems that are likely to be present in developing country ports and acts as an aide-memoire for those responsible for port and harbor development. It includes a comprehensive checklist of environmental issues and is followed by detailed information on how certain issues are normally resolved. Included is a discussion of the disposal of dredged sediments, and environmental concerns with open-water disposal at sea. The paper has an annex which reviews the scope of the problem, intergovernmental agreements regarding pollution, dredging equipment, disposal options, costs, practicality, reducing environmental impact, and recommendations on how to proceed. The annex also includes relevant abstracts from the London Dumping Convention. See Less -.
Handbook of Port and Harbor Engineering
A port is a maritime facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo. Although usually situated on a sea coast or estuary, some ports, such as Hamburg , Manchester and Duluth , are many miles inland, with access to the sea via river or canal. Today, by far the greatest growth in port development is in Asia, the continent with some of the world's largest and busiest ports , such as Singapore and the Chinese ports of Shanghai and Ningbo-Zhoushan. Whenever ancient civilisations engaged in maritime trade, they tended to develop sea ports. One of the world's oldest known artificial harbors is at Wadi al-Jarf on the Red Sea. Other ancient ports include Guangzhou during Qin Dynasty China and Canopus , the principal Egyptian port for Greek trade before the foundation of Alexandria. In Japan, during the Edo period , the island of Dejima was the only port open for trade with Europe and received only a single Dutch ship per year, whereas Osaka was the largest domestic port and the main trade hub for rice.
Handbook of port and harbor engineering