Human Genome Project - WikipediaWhat was conceived as an audacious plan in the s turned into an official multi-centre, international program in and was brought to a conclusion in More than a decade later genomics is still big in business and big business : the Obama administration announced in January that they intend to sequence one million human genomes see Precision Medicine Initiative in the Other Internet Resources section below; see also Reardon Craig Venter, the commercially minded nemesis of the publicly-funded HGP is also in the mix again, this time involved in a privately-funded collaboration that aims to sequence two million genomes over the course of the next ten years Ledford But many things are also different now. For instance, China has emerged as a major player in the genomics field, with the BGI formerly the Beijing Genomics Institute already announcing in the aim to sequence one million genomes. The goal of this entry is to look at this constantly developing space of genomic and postgenomic research and outline some of the central philosophical issues it raises.
Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project HGP was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA , and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint. A parallel project was conducted outside government by the Celera Corporation , or Celera Genomics, which was formally launched in Most of the government-sponsored sequencing was performed in twenty universities and research centers in the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany and China. The Human Genome Project originally aimed to map the nucleotides contained in a human haploid reference genome more than three billion. The "genome" of any given individual is unique; mapping the "human genome" involved sequencing a small number of individuals and then assembling these together to get a complete sequence for each chromosome. Therefore, the finished human genome is a mosaic, not representing any one individual.
In this work, we present the Genome Modeling System GMS , an analysis information management system capable of executing automated genome analysis pipelines at a massive scale. The GMS framework provides detailed tracking of samples and data coupled with reliable and repeatable analysis pipelines. The GMS also serves as a platform for bioinformatics development, allowing a large team to collaborate on data analysis, or an individual researcher to leverage the work of others effectively within its data management system. Rather than separating ad-hoc analysis from rigorous, reproducible pipelines, the GMS promotes systematic integration between the two. As a demonstration of the GMS, we performed an integrated analysis of whole genome, exome and transcriptome sequencing data from a breast cancer cell line HCC and matched lymphoblastoid line HCCBL. These data are available for users to test the software, complete tutorials and develop novel GMS pipeline configurations.
and is not intended for resale, dissemination, or duplication. Genetics: Analysis of Genes and Genomes, Ninth Edition. Includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access.
indias most fearless book pdf