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Toyota Mirai Hydrogen Fuel Cell hybrid car - Fully Charged
Fuel cell vehicle
A fuel cell vehicle FCV or fuel cell electric vehicle FCEV is a type of electric vehicle which uses a fuel cell , instead of a battery , or in combination with a battery or supercapacitor , to power its on-board electric motor. Fuel cells in vehicles generate electricity to power the motor, generally using oxygen from the air and compressed hydrogen. Most fuel cell vehicles are classified as zero-emissions vehicles that emit only water and heat. As compared with internal combustion vehicles, hydrogen vehicles centralize pollutants at the site of the hydrogen production , where hydrogen is typically derived from reformed natural gas. Transporting and storing hydrogen may also create pollutants.
International Journal of Automotive Technology. June , Cite as. This paper presents a methodology to optimize the sizing of the energy and power components in a fuel cell electric vehicle from the driving mission which includes driving cycles, a specified acceleration and autonomy requirements. They are set so as to minimize the objective function that includes mass, cost, fulfilling the performance requirements and respect the technological constraints of each power component through a penalty function. Both are well suited to treat inverse problems for the optimization. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide.
Air pollution, global warming, and the steady decrease in petroleum resources continue to stimulate interest in the development of safe, clean, and highly efficient transportation. Building on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory, and Design, Second Edition updates and expands its detailed coverage of the vehicle technologies that offer the most promising solutions to these issues affecting the automotive industry. Proven as a useful in-depth resource and comprehensive reference for modern automotive systems engineers, students, and researchers, this book speaks from the perspective of the overall drive train system and not just its individual components. Employing sufficient mathematical rigor, the authors comprehensively cover vehicle performance characteristics, EV and HEV configurations, control strategies, modeling, and simulations for modern vehicles. The first edition of this book gave practicing engineers and students a systematic reference to fully understand the essentials of this new technology. This edition introduces newer topics and offers deeper treatments than those included in the first.