Counseling Skills and TechniquesCounseling is a collaborative partnership between counselor and client, in which the client can be an individual, couple, family or group. It is typical for counselors to engage with more than one type of client over the course of their careers. While all counselor-client relationships may strive for similar big-picture goals, each type of relationship has specific characteristics and desired outcomes:. While a number of general counseling processes can be applicable in any situation, each type of counseling requires its own unique skill set, comprised of techniques designed to best reach certain kinds of clients. Below, we offer a brief overview of both general processes and skills that can help you on your developing counseling career, regardless of the type of client encounter you see in your future. Opening: The initial portion of the counseling process is one of the most important because it provides both counselor and client the opportunity to get to know each other. It also allows the counselor to set the tone for the therapeutic relationship.
Effective Counselling Skills
To provide the highest quality services, audiologists incorporate counseling into their professional practice. This article, written by professional counselors, highlights the distinction between services provided by professional counselors i. Effective application of counseling microskills facilitates a strong therapeutic alliance, which research shows contributes to positive therapeutic outcomes. Counseling microskills should be taught early in graduate programs, because they serve as the foundation for the therapeutic alliance and allow for more effective application of other therapeutic interventions. The four most critical counseling microskills for audiologists are active listening, nonverbal communication, silence, and empathy.
Through active listening , rapport is built, trust forms and the speaker feels heard and understood by the counsellor or listener. Attending in counselling means being in the company of someone else and giving that person your full attention , to what they are saying or doing, valuing them as worthy individuals. Silence in counselling gives the client control of the content, pace and objectives. This includes the counsellor listening to silences as well as words , sitting with them and recognising that the silences may facilitate the counselling process. It is making sure that the client knows their story is being listened to. This known as ' paraphrasing '. Questions in counselling are classed as a basic skill.
According to the American Counseling Association ACA , professional counseling is the process of building relationships with individuals that empower them to accomplish mental health and wellness, education, and career goals. It is a collaborative relationship between the counselor and their client. The traditional counseling process includes the following six important, yet separate components. Opening : The opening process is perhaps, one of the most important parts of the interaction with your client. It is your chance to get to know your client and for them to get to know you. It is also where you will set the tone for the rest of the therapeutic relationship. You will explore their past and evaluate their current concerns.