Policy - WikipediaThe first step of the policy process involves issues being turned into agenda items for policymaking bodies. Many problems exist within the United States but few make it onto the public policy agenda. Those problems that do move onto the policy agenda must first be identified as salient issues. The power of the group in question can affect whether an issue moves onto the policy agenda. For example, a problem encountered by a major political campaign donor can move a given issue more quickly onto the agenda than a problem encountered by a small interest group without great political clout.
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The Policymaking Process
A policy established and carried out by the government goes through several stages from inception to conclusion. These are agenda building, formulation, adoption, implementation, evaluation, and termination. Before a policy can be created, a problem must exist that is called to the attention of the government. Illegal immigration, for example, has been going on for many years, but it was not until the s that enough people considered it such a serious problem that it required increased government action. Another example is crime. American society tolerates a certain level of crime; however, when crime rises dramatically or is perceived to be rising dramatically, it becomes an issue for policymakers to address. Specific events can place a problem on the agenda.